|Real Name||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
|Nickname||Mahatma, Father of the Nation and Bapu|
|Profession||Politician, Lawyer, Peace Activist, Philosopher|
|Major Works||• Gandhi witnessed racism, prejudice, injustice against himself and Indians in South Africa, after witnessing all this, Gandhi extended his original period of stay in South Africa to help Indians in opposing a bill to deny them the right to vote. He asked Joseph Chamberlain, the British Colonial Secretary, to reconsider his position on this bill.|
• He helped found the Natal Indian Congress in 1894, and through this organisation, he moulded the Indian community of South Africa into a unified political force.
• A new act was promulgated by Transvaal govt in 1906; this Act was compelling every male Asian had to register himself and produce on demand a thumb-printed certificate of identity. Unregistered persons and restricted immigrants could be deported without a right of appeal or fined on the spot if they fail to comply with Act. At the same time, Gandhi employed the Satyagraha, a non-violent protest in South Africa. He urged Indians to boycott the new law and to suffer the retribution for doing so. The community adopted this plan, and during the ensuing seven-year struggle, thousands of Indians were jailed, flogged, or shot for striking, refusing to register, for burning their registration cards or engaging in other forms of nonviolent resistance. Government quelled the protest easily, but the public outcry constrained South African leader Jan Christiaan Smuts to negotiate a compromise with Gandhi.
• Upon returning to India in 1915, Gandhi played a major role in Indian Independence, Gandhi took leadership of the Congress in 1920 and began escalating demands until on 26 January 1930, the day when Indian National Congress declared the independence of India. The British did not recognise the declaration, but negotiations ensued, with the Congress taking a role in provincial government in the late 1930s.
• In 1918, Gandhi initiated Champaran and Kheda agitations.
• In 1930, Salt March Movement was initiated by Mahatma Gandhi to oppose taxation on salt by British Government.
• On 8 August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi, initiated a movement named “Quit India Movement”. Gandhi made a call to Do or Die in his Quit India speech delivered in Bombay at the Gowalia Tank Maidan.
|Famous Quotes||• “Be the change that you want to see in the world.”|
• “The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is an attribute of the strong.”
• “An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind.”
• “Nobody can hurt me without my permission.”
• “In a gentle way, you can shake the world.”
• “An ounce of patience is worth more than a tonne of preaching.”
• “A man is but a product of his thoughts. What he thinks he becomes.”
• “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.”
• “First, they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.”
• “Poverty is the worst form of violence.”
|Physical Stats & More|
|Height (Approx.)||in centimeters- 168 cm|
in meters- 1.68 m
in Feet Inches- 5’ 6”
|Date of Birth||2 October 1869|
|Place of Birth||Porbandar State, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire|
(now in Gujarat, India)
|Date of Death||30 January 1948|
|Place of Death||New Delhi, India|
|Death Cause||Assassination by shooting|
|Age (as on 30 January 1948)||78 Years|
|Resting Place||Raj Ghat Delhi but his ashes was scattered in various Indian Rivers|
|Zodiac sign/Sun sign||Libra|
|School||A Local School in Rajkot|
Alfred High School, Rajkot
A High School in Ahmedabad
|College||Samaldas College, Bhavnagar State (now, District Bhavnagar, Gujarat), India|
Inner Temple, London
UCL Faculty of Laws, University College London
|Family||Father– Karamchand Gandhi, Dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar state|
Mother– Putlibai Gandhi (Homemaker)
Brothers– Laxmidas Karamchand Gandhi,
Sister– Raliatbehn Gandhi
|Hobbies||Roaming About, Reading books, Listening to Music|
|Controversies||• In 2016 some Ghanian students called for the removal of a statue of Mahatma Gandhi from a university campus. They accused Gandhi of being racist towards black people by holding the view that Indians were higher than them. This view was also held by two South African professors Ashwin Desai and Goolam Vahed who claimed that Gandhi labelled black Africans as “savage,” “raw” and “indolent”. Gandhi also demanded separate entrances for blacks and Indians at the Durban post office while he was living in South Africa.|
• In 1906, Gandhi took an oath to abstain from sex life. Gandhi carried out several experiments to test himself as a celibate. He brought his grandniece Manubehn to sleep naked in his bed as part of a spiritual experiment in which Gandhi could test himself as a “Brahmachari”. Several other young women and girls also sometimes shared his bed as part of his experiments. These experiments took flak from most of the Indian Politicians and the people of India.
|Favourite Persons||Gautama Buddha, Harishchandra, and his mother Putlibai|
|Favourite Author||Leo Tolstoy|
|Girls, Affairs and More|
Some Lesser Known Facts About Mahatma Gandhi
- Did Mahatma Gandhi Smoke? : Yes (Abandoned)
- Did Mahatma Gandhi drink alcohol?: Not Known
- Brought up in a Hindu vendor position family in seaside Gujarat, western India, and prepared in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi initially utilized peaceful common insubordination as an exile legal advisor in South Africa, in the inhabitant Indian people group’s battle for social liberties.
- After his arrival to India in 1915, he begin sorting out workers, ranchers, and urban workers to challenge exorbitant land-expense and segregation.
- Accepting authority of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi drove across the nation battles for different social causes and for accomplishing Swaraj or self-run the show.
- Gandhi broadly drove Indians in testing the British-forced salt expense with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in requiring the British to Quit India in 1942.
- He was detained for a long time, upon many events, in both South Africa and India.
- He lived unobtrusively in an independent private group and wore the conventional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha.
- He ate basic veggie lover sustenance, and furthermore embraced long fasts as a methods for both self-cleansing and political challenge.