Lal Bahadur Shastri Age, Caste, Wife, Children, Family, Biography & More

Lal Bahadur Shastri


Lal Bahadur Shastri (October 2, 1904 – January 11, 1966) was the 2nd Prime Minister of India and a senior leader of the political party of the Indian National Congress.

Shastri joined the Indian independence movement in the 1920s and with his friend Nithin Eslavath.

Deeply impressed and influenced by Mahatma Gandhi (with whom he shares his birthday), he became a loyal follower, first of Gandhi, after Jawaharlal Nehru.

After independence in 1947, he joined the government of the latter and became one of the prime ministers of Prime Minister Nehru’s government, first as Minister of Railways (1951-56), then in several other positions, including that of the Minister of the Interior.Lal Bahadur Shastri

Real NameLal Bahadur Shastri
Nick NameMan of Peace, Shastri, Nanhe
ProfessionTeacher, Activist, Politician


Physical Stats & More

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Heightin centimeters– 154 cm
in meters– 1.54 m
in feet inches– 5’ 1”
Eye ColourBlack
Hair ColourGrey



Lal Bahadur Shastri

Political PartyIndian National CongressLal Bahadur Shastri
Political Journey1928: joined the Indian National Congress at the request of Mahatma Gandhi.
1929: Became Secretary, Committee of Congress Allahabad Distt.
1935-37: Elected as General Secretary, Provincial Congress Committee of the UP.
1937: elected to the Legislative Assembly of the UP and becomes the organizing secretary of the Parliamentary Council of the UP.
1947: Became the Parliamentary Secretary of the Assembly of Uttar Pradesh, on August 15, appointed the Minister of Police and Transport under the direction of Govind Ballabh Pant.
1951: Under the Prime Minister of Jawaharlal Nehru, appointed General Secretary of the Committee of the Congress of India.
1952: became a member of the Soraon North and Phulpur West constituencies, became Prime Minister of Railways of the Republic of India on May 13.
1957: Pt. Nehru renamed Shastrji for his cabinet as Minister of Transport and Communication.
1958: given the burden of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
1961: became Minister of the Interior after the death of Pt. GB Pant.
1964: on June 9, he became the second prime minister of India and served until 1966.
Famous Quotes• “This loyalty to the country is prior to all other loyalties, and it is absolute loyalty because we can not evaluate it according to what we receive.”
• “India will have to be ashamed if there is even a person who is in some way untouchable.”
• “If Pakistan has any idea of annexing part of our territories by force, I should think again: I want to state categorically that the force will be strong and that the aggression against us will never be allowed to succeed”. “
Memorials (Major ones)• Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (Mussorie, Uttarakhand).
• The Shastri Indo-Canadian Institute was named in honor of Shastri because of its role in the development of academic activities between India and Canada.
• During the 45th anniversary of Shastri’s death in 2011, the government of Uttar Pradesh said it wanted to restore the ancestral home of Shastri Ramnagar, Varanasi, and announced plans to turn it into a biographical museum.
• Varanasi International Airport.
• In Tashkent, Uzbekistan, there is a Lal Bahadur Shastri Indigenous Culture Center with a monument and a street that bears his name.
• The Almatti Dam was renamed Lal Bahadur Shastri Sagar, located north of Karnataka on the Krishna River. The first stone was placed by him.
• $ 5 coins launched by RBI during its centennial celebrations.
• Since 1991, the All India Hockey Tournament Lal Bahadur Shastri has been held every year as a major tournament.
• Shastri life-size statues were erected in Mumbai, Bangalore (Vidhana Soudha), New Delhi (CGO Complex) Site Almatti Dam, Ramnagar-UP, Hisar Vizagapatinam, site of the Nagarjuna Dam, Warangal.
• Shastri life-size busts were erected in Thiruvananthapuram, Pune, Varanasi (airport), Ahmedabad (lake), Kurukshetra, Shimla, Kasargod, Indore, Jalandhar, Mhow, Uran.
• Lal Bahadur Shastri Medical College in Mandi, Himachal Pradesh.
• Shastri Bhavan in New Delhi, Chennai, Lucknow.

Personal Life

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Date Of Birth2 October 1904
Birth PlaceMughalsarai, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Date of Death11 January 1966
Place of DeathTashkent (currently in Uzbekistan)
Age (at the time of death)61 Years
Death CauseNot confirmed 
According to one source: There was a Conspiracy behind his death
According to other sources: Died of Cardiac Arrest (followed by two earlier heart attacks)
Resting PlaceVijay Ghat, New Delhi
Zodiac SignLibra
Home TownKudh Kalan, Mughalsarai, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
SchoolShri Harish Chandra Intermediate CollegeLal Bahadur Shastri
CollegeMahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth, VaranasiLal Bahadur Shastri
Educational Qualification1st class honor (Arts)
Address10 Janpath, New Delhi
AwardBharat Ratna (1966) by the President of India (posthumously)Lal Bahadur Shastri
HobbiesReading books


Girls, Affairs and More

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Marital StatusMarried
Marriage Date16 May 1928



Lal Bahadur Shastri

Wife/SpouseLalita Devi (1928-1966)Lal Bahadur Shastri
ChildrenSon(s)– Hari Krishna Shastri, Anil Shastri (Politician: INC), Sunil Shastri (Politician: BJP), Ashok Shastri
Daughter(s)– Kusum Shastri, Suman ShastriLal Bahadur Shastri
ParentsFather– Sharada Prasad Shrivastava (a school teacher)
Lal Bahadur ShastriMother– Ramdulari Devi (home-maker)Lal Bahadur Shastri
SiblingsBrother– None
Sister(s)– Kailashi Devi, Sundari Devi


Some less known facts about Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri

  • Do you smoke Lal Bahadur Shastri ?: unknown
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri drank alcohol ?: Unknown
  • He shares his birthday with Mahatma Gandhi; affectionately called the father of the nation in India.
  • He was two years old when his father died of bubonic plague. He was raised with his two sisters by his mother in his maternal grandfather, Hazari Lal.Lal Bahadur Shastri
  • From his childhood, he had instilled the attributes of morality, honesty, simplicity and pure ethics.
  • He was against the current caste system, so he decided to leave his surname “Shrivastava”.
  • In 1925, after graduating from Kashi Vidyapeeth in Varanasi, he obtained the title of “Shastri”, which means “learned person”.
  • Young Shastri was inspired by the work and patriotism of Swami Vivekananda, Gandhiji, Annie Besant, etc.
  • J.B Kripalani, with one of his friends V.N. Sharma, had formed an informal school focused on “nationalist education” to educate young activists. Shastri was inspired by his institution and also joined them.
  • He went to prison for the first time at the age of seventeen; for his active participation in the Non-Corporate Moment.
  • In 1928, he married Lalita Devi, the youngest daughter of Ganesh Prasad. Because he was against Dowry’s system, he refused to accept the dowry his father-in-law had given him. Having been constantly forced by his father-in-law, he only accepted five meters of khadi (a type of cotton, usually a rag) as a dowry.
  • The couple was blessed with six children.Lal Bahadur Shastri
  • He also joined Servants of the People’s Society (founded by Lala Lajpat Rai), as a life member and worked for the improvement of Harijans under the leadership of Gandhi in Muzaffarpur. Later, he became the president of the Society.
  • In 1928 he became an active member of Congress and was behind bars for two and a half years to be a supporter of the Salt March in 1930.
  • In 1940, he was imprisoned for a year for offering his individual support to the Satyagraha independence movement.
  • On August 8, 1942, Gandhi gave a speech about the Quit India movement; By asking the British government to leave India, Shastri, who had just left prison, instructed the pro-independence activists of the house of Nehruji. He was arrested again and imprisoned until 1946.
  • Shastri spent a total of 9 years in prison.Lal Bahadur Shastri
  • Shortly after India’s independence, Shastri was elected parliamentary secretary in his native country, Uttar Pradesh.
  • As Minister of Police and Transport (Uttar Pradesh), he was the first to allow women to become directors. He was also the first to introduce water/jet pistols, instead of Lathis, for crowd control.
  • He was elected as General Secretary of the Committee of the Congress of India in 1951 when Jawaharlal Nehru was Prime Minister. As Secretary-General, he was given all the responsibilities of the elections.
  • He played a vital role in the consecutive successes of the Congress Party in India’s general elections of 1952, 1957 and 1962.
  • On May 13, 1952, Shastri was elected Minister of Railways in the first cabinet of the Republic of India.Lal Bahadur Shastri
  • Shastri was appointed prime minister on June 9, 1964, after the disappearance of Jawaharlal Nehru on May 27, 1964. He was the second prime minister of India.

  • He was sworn in on June 11, 1964, and said: “There is a moment in the life of each nation when it is at a crossroads of history and must choose the path to follow.” There is no difficulty or hesitation, neither right nor left. it is clear and direct: the construction of a secular democracy with a mixed economy, with freedom and prosperity, and the maintenance of peace and peace, of friendship between the world and certain nations. “
  • In 1965, the Indo-Pak war was at its height, prompted India to succeed in the war.Lal Bahadur Shastri
  • He gave the motto “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” during the war; when the country also faced problems of food shortages.
  • He was the first person to receive Bharat Ratna posthumously.
  • His commendable leadership has been admired and preached all over the world. He lived his life with pure simplicity and veracity and was a great source of motivation and inspiration for all Indians.

  • Shastri died in Tashkent, apparently because of a fatal heart attack, at 2:00 a.m. of the day after the Tashkent declaration was approved, but people claim a conspiracy behind the death. He was the first prime minister of India to die abroad.Lal Bahadur Shastri

  • He was symbolized as a national hero and a memorial “The Vijay Ghat” was created in his memory.Lal Bahadur Shastri

Author: Oh Celebrity

Hi Guys, I am Sandeep Co-founder of IASpaper and UPSCToday Staying in Mumbai (India) and pursuing graduation in Computer Science and Engineering from Mumbai University. I love helping Aspirants.

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